Snapshots: Korond

Top: Korond displays its wares; Center:tiled kitchen stove; decorative tiles; Bottom: this is how a pot is made; kiln.

Snapshots: Korond

EPF 

Known far and wide for its glazed ceramics, Korond is a favorite of tourists.  The settlement was first mentioned in 1333 in the papal register of tithes.  Some of these pictures were taken in 2006, when I visited with friends, others were taken by Zsuzsa Lengyel in 2011.

The pottery industry here dates back to the 16th century, since suitable clay is found in the area, but glazing did not become widespread until the end of the 19th century.  By then, almost 400 potters worked in the village.  Unfortunately, they used lead oxide – a health hazard – as a base for the glaze. 

But pottery has not been the only industry.  At the end of the 19th century, a spa was built next to the Árcsó mineral water spring, whose waters were recommended for people suffering from anemia and lung disease.  It became one of the three most famous thermal baths of the Székely region.  An aragonite factory was active in the village for over 50 years, until 1962.  Sawmills, grain mills, oil presses, felt mills provided for the needs of the local population.  They grew their own grain, vegetables and fruit, and raised cows, sheep, goats, swine in household farming. 

Today, craftsmen also process tinder, the fungus growing on trees from which they make hats and decorative objects.  Alabaster deposits are found nearby, and the translucent, fine-grained material is carved by skilled artisans into decorative items.