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Sat, Aug 15, 2020
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Hear the Ringing of the Bells ...


On June 4th, 1920, promptly at 10:00 am, every church bell in Hungary began to toll, as for a funeral.

D-O-N-G ...

... for the 3.5 million Hungarians who would now be living outside the country’s new borders, 1.5 million of them just on the other side of those new borders

D-O-N-G ...

... for the 71.5% of the land now divided up among Romania (31.4%), Yugoslavia (19.5%), Czechoslovakia (19.2%), and smaller territories to Austria (!!!), Italy and Poland


.. for the 90% of Hungary’s natural resources which were given away –

   100% of her salt deposits

   100% of her gold and silver mines

     95% of her water power

     88% of her timber

     85% of her iron deposits

     65% of her navigable waterways

     63% of her arable land

     56% of her industrial plants

     Fiume, her only outlet to the sea

D-O-N-G ... 

... not to mention the thousand-year cultural heritage, which produced for example the Bólyai egyetem (university) of Kolozsvár, whose roots went back to 1581; the cathedral of Kassa, whose origins go back to the 13th century, and many more; or the natural attractions, such as Apatin, with its unique nature preserve boasting some 280 species of birds, some of them very rare, or Aggtelek with its stalactite caverns, or Békás szoros (gorge).

D-O-N-G ...

... and the bells tolled relentlessly ...

D-O-N-G ...

... for hours ...

... in the 28.5% of the country left to them!

P.S.  Here is a snippet from Remig A. Papp’s (my Dad’s) diary of the time.

“June 4, 1920, Friday.  They are signing the peace today.  It’s a gray, rainy day.  As I stepped out of the subway to see about my free (refugee student’s) lunch, I met a long, quiet march on Andrássy út.  Refugees were marching in a silent demonstration.  At ten o’clock, the streetcars stopped for 10 minutes.”



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